The International Air Transport Association (IATA) has voiced "disappointment" at today’s Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) decision to uphold plans to include international aviation in the EU emissions trading scheme (EU ETS) from 2012.
The ruling represents a European legal interpretation of EU ETS, but IATA says the success of Europe’s plans will depend on how non-European states view its legal and political acceptability.
"In this respect, there is growing global opposition," the global airline body said.
Director general and CEO Tony Tyler said: “Today’s decision is a disappointment but not a surprise. It does not bring us any closer to a much-needed global approach to economic measures to account for aviation’s international emissions.
"Unilateral, extra-territorial and market-distorting initiatives such as the EU ETS are not the way forward. What is needed is a global approach agreed through the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)."
The decision was in response to a legal challenge presented by the Air Transport Association of America (now Airlines for America), a number of US airlines, IATA and the National Airlines Council for Canada. Together they argued that the EU ETS contravened the Chicago Convention which prohibits such taxation of international aviation.
The court ruled that the Chicago Convention does not bind the EU which is not a signatory and that the ETS does not violate any other aspect of international law.
Tyler said: “The CJEU decision may reflect European confidence in European plans. But that confidence is by no means shared by the outside world where opposition is growing. A formal resolution of the ICAO Council supported by 26 countries urged Europe to take a different approach.
"India is reported to have instructed its airlines not to comply. Similar legislation is moving through the US Congress. Other legal challenges are expected. And on 16 December the US Secretaries of State and Transportation warned that the US would be compelled to take appropriate action if Europe does not re-think its plans.”
The air transport industry has made global commitments to improve fuel efficiency by 1.5% annually to 2020, to cap net emissions from 2020 and to cut net emissions in half by 2050 compared to 2005 levels.
“A global framework for economic measures is a critical component of our strategy to achieve these challenging targets," said Tyler.
"But we won’t get agreement on a global approach if states are throwing rocks at each other because Europe wants to act extra-territorially.
"Europe should take credit for raising the issue of aviation and climate change on the global agenda, but what is needed now is for Europe to work with the rest of the world through ICAO to achieve a global solution. Today’s decision has not changed that reality."
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